Excerpt from the rules of floorball

Every new period shall start with a face-off at the centre point.

When an injury occurs, play shall be interrupted only if the referees suspect serious injury or if the injured player directly affects play.

Interruptions of the match

The referees interrupt the match, for the reasons listed below, with a whistle signal.

A fixed situation is used to restart play. Fixed situations are face-offs, hit-ins, free hits and penalty shots. Except for face-offs, a player in the team that has the right to the ball, hits the ball to restart play. Note that the ball must be hit, not dragged, lifted or kicked. In a face-off one player from each team participates, and the ball must be dragged, not hit, lifted, or kicked.

Except for penalty shots, players of the opposing team, or both teams in the case of a face-off, must immediately take a position at least 3 metres (stick included) from the ball, without being told so by the referee. In the case of a penalty shot, all players (except for the one performing the penalty shot) must be in their substitution zones.

A player involved in a fixed situation other than a face-off must not interact with the ball again until it has touched another player or another player's equipment.

A referee will use a whistle signal to restart play. After the signal the ball can be played, provided it is at rest and at the correct location. The player taking a hit-in or a free hit does not need to wait for the opponents to take position, but if the ball is played while the opponents in a correct way are trying to take position, they shall not be penalized by the referees.

Events causing or affecting interruptions of play, and their consequences

Event Consequence
Play is interrupted and neither team can be awarded a hit-in, free hit or a penalty shot. Face-off at the nearest face-off point.
The ball is unintentionally damaged. Face-off at the nearest face-off point.
The ball is not correctly playable. Face-off at the nearest face-off point.
A goal is unintentionally moved. Face-off at the nearest face-off point.
A goal is disallowed, but no offence causing a free hit was commited. Face-off at the nearest face-off point.
A goal is allowed. Face-off at the centre point.
A penalty shot does not result in a goal, or is performed incorrectly. Face-off at the nearest face-off point.
A delayed penalty is carried out because the offending team gains and controls the ball. Face-off at the nearest face-off point.
The ball is played out-of-bounds, i.e. over the board or it touches the ceiling or another object above the court. Hit-in.
Slashing or hitting an opponents stick, without first playing the ball. Free hit. (Referee sign 1)
Holding, blocking or binding an opponents stick. Free hit. (Referee sign 2)
Lifting an opponents stick. Free hit. (Referee sign 3)
Kicking an opponents stick. Free hit. (Referee sign 12)
A player in control of the ball, or trying to reach it, with his or her stick hits an opponents foot or leg. Free hit. (Referee sign 1)
Raising the blade of one's stick above waist level on either the forward or backward swing of a shot. This also includes mock shots. Free hit. (Referee sign 4)
Raising one's stick over an opponents head. Free hit. (Referee sign 4)
Using any part of one's stick to play or try to play the ball above knee level. Free hit. (Referee sign 4)
Placing one's stick, foot or leg between an opponent's legs or feet. Free hit. (Referee sign 5)
A player in control of the ball, or trying to reach it, in any other way than shoulder against shoulder pushes an opponent. Free hit. (Referee sign 7)
A player in control of the ball, trying to reach it, or trying to get a better position, runs, walks or steps into an opponent backwards. Free hit. (Referee sign 8)
Stopping the ball with any part of one's body but the feet touching the floor. Free hit.
Intentionally kicking the ball twice in a row. Free hit. (Referee sign 12)
Receiving an intentional foot pass. Free hit. (Referee sign 12)
Intentionally moving the opposing teams goal. Free hit. (Referee sign 14)
Jumping up and stopping the ball. Free hit. (Referee sign 16)
A hit-in or a free hit is incorrectly performed. Free hit. (Referee sign 18)
A hit-in or a free hit is taken from the wrong place or when the ball is not entirely still. The same team shall retake the free hit.
A penalty is imposed for an offence commited in connection with play. Free hit.
With any part of one's body in the opposing team's crease, stop or play the ball. Note that the lines bounding the crease are part of the crease. Free hit.
With any part of one's body in the own team's crease, stop or play the ball. Penalty shot.
At a goal situation commit an offence with the purpose of preventing a goal, no matter where on the court the offence is being committed. Penalty shot.
Slashing or hitting an opponents stick, without first playing the ball, in order to win a considerable advantage or with no possibility to reach the ball. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 1)
Holding, blocking or binding an opponents stick, in order to win a considerable advantage or with no possibility to reach the ball. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 2)
Lifting an opponents stick, in order to win a considerable advantage or with no possibility to reach the ball. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 3)
Kicking an opponents stick, in order to win a considerable advantage or with no possibility to reach the ball. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 12)
Using any part of one's stick to play or try to play the ball above knee level, and thereby win a considerable advantage. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 4)
Using one's foot to play or try to play the ball above knee level, and thereby win a considerable advantage. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 13)
Dangerous play, including uncontrolled forward or backward swing, or raising one's stick above an opponent's head if this is considered dangerous or disturbing for the opponent. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 4)
In an otherwise correct way pushing an opponent against the board or the goal. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 7)
When trying to reach the ball, tackling or tripping an opponent. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 9)
Holding a player or a player's equipment. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 10)
Obstructing an opponent not in control of the ball. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 11)
Violating the 3 m rule at a hit-in or a free hit. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 15)
Playing or stopping the ball lying down, including having both knees or one hand on the floor, stick-holding hand excluded. If a player unintentionally has fallen and is hit by the ball, no penalty shall be given. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 19)
Playing or stopping the ball with one's hand or arm. If the player is hit by the ball and has no way of avoiding this, no penalty shall be given. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 20)
Playing or stopping the ball with one's head. If the player is hit by the ball and has no way of avoiding this, no penalty shall be given. 2 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 21)
Playing without a stick. 2 minute team penalty.
A player, in control of the ball or trying to reach it, performs violent or dangerous strikes with his or her stick, including raising one's stick over an opponent's head and the opponent is hit. 5 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 1)
Hooking an opponent's body using one's stick. 5 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 6)
Throwing one's stick or other equipment in order to hit the ball. 5 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 9)
A player, in control of the ball or trying to reach it, tackles an opponent against the board or the goal. 5 minute team penalty. (Referee sign 9)
Committing an offence causing a 5 minute team penalty for the second time in the same match. 5 minute team penalty plus match penalty plus suspension from the next match in the same championship or tournament. (Referee sign 23)

Face-offs

One player from each team participates in the face-off, on a resting ball, with the blades of their sticks parallel on each side of the ball, with the blade pointing toward the opponent. The ball shall be at the centres of the blades, without touching them. The player of the defending team will lower his or her stick first, except at face-offs on the centre line, where the player of the visiting team will lower his or her stick first. The players must stand with their backs facing their own short side of the court, and must not be in physical contact with each other. A player's feet must be at the same distance from the short sides of the court. The sticks must be held in a normal grip, with the hands above the grip marks.

The ball is put to play at the referee's signal.

When a face-off is taken at the centre point, each team shall be on their side of the centre line.

Hit-ins

A hit-in shall be taken by a player in the team who did not play the ball out-of-bounds, from where the ball left the court, within 150 cm from the board. If the ball went out of bounds behind the imaginary, extended goal line, the hit-in shall be taken from the nearest face-off point. If the ball touched the ceiling or another object above the court, the hit-in shall be taken 150 cm from the board, at the same distance from the centre line.

Free hits

A free hit is performed at the location where the situation causing it occurred, but never behind an imaginary, extended goal line, or closer to a crease than 350 cm. A free hit behind an imaginary, extended goal line shall be taken from the nearest face-off point. A free hit closer to a crease than 350 cm, shall be taken from a point 350 cm from the crease, in line with the point where the offence occured and the centre of the goal line. When a free hit is moved out in this fashion, the defending team shall have the right to form a defence line immediately outside the crease. The attacking team does not have to wait for the defending team to form a defence line, and also has the right to, in a correct way, position their players in front of the defence line.

A free hit closer to the board than 150 cm may be moved out to this distance.

The referee must not call a free hit if this is advantageous to the erring team, but the advantage rule shall be used. This implies that if the non-offending team after an offence still controls the ball, they shall have the opportunity to keep on playing if that is more advantageous than a free hit.

Penalty shots

Penalty shots are taken from the penalty points.

A delayed penalty shot shall be applied when the non-offending team after an offence causing the penalty shot still controls the ball and the goal situation still is in progress. A delayed penalty shot shall only be applied if the offence is causing a 2 minute team penalty.

Penalties

A team penalty shall affect the team, and due to this the penalized player must not be replaced on the court during the penalty.

No more than one team penalty per player and two team penalties per team must be measured simultaneously. If the opposing team scores during a 2 minute team penalty that is being measured, the penalty shall terminate, unless the opposing team is outnumbered on the rink or the teams play with an equal number of players.

A delayed penalty shall be applied when the non-offending team after an offence causing a 2 minute team penalty still controls the ball. Only one penalty at a time can be delayed.

A delayed penalty implies that the non-offending team is given the possibility to continue the attack until the offending team gains and controls the ball or play is interrupted.

Allowed goals

A goal is allowed when the entire ball passes the goal line from the front after having been played in a correct way with a player's stick, and no offence causing a free-hit or a penalty has been committed by the attacking team in connection with, or immediately before, the goal. This also includes when a player in the defending team has moved the goal out of position and the ball passes the goal line from the front between the marks for the posts and below the imaginary position of the bar, and when an own goal is scored.

A goal is also allowed when the entire ball passes the goal line from the front after a player in the defending team with his or her stick or body has directed the ball, or a player in the attacking team with his or her body unintentionally has directed the ball, and no offence causing a free-hit or a penalty has been committed by the attacking team in connection with, or immediately before, the goal.

A goal is disallowed when...

Substituting players

Players can be substituted at any time in the match, an unlimited number of times.


Text and graphics files copyright: Caltech Floorball Club